Aims and Targets of the GSPC
The specific aims of the GSPC can be grouped into five main themes;
- “Understanding and documenting plant diversity, through databases, monitoring of populations and research.
- “Conserving plant diversity, with both in-situ and ex-situ programmes, with special attention to conservation of species with direct importance to human societies.
- “Using plant diversity sustainably, involving trafficking controls and supporting the fair and equitable sharing of benefits
- “Promoting education and awareness about plant diversity
- “Building capacity for the conservation of plant diversity, through networking and enhancing infrastructure and human resources.”
The strategy outlines the different aspects of these aims in a series of 16 targets. Each of these is explained with terms and technical rationale.
It is the achievement of these targets and themes which will lead to the ultimate goal – to halt the current and continuing loss of plant diversity.
Target 1: A widely accessible working list of known plant species, as a step towards a complete world flora.
Target 2: A preliminary assessment of the conservation status of all known plant species, at national, regional and international levels.
Target 3: Development of models with protocols for plant conservation and sustainable use
Target 4: At least 10% of each of the world’s ecological regions effectively conserved.
Target 5: Protection of 50% of the most important areas for plant diversity assured.
Target 6: At least 30% of production lands managed consistent with the conservation of plant diversity.
Target 7: 60% of the world’s threatened species conserved in situ.
Target 8: 60% of threatened plant species in accessible ex-situ collections, preferably in the country of origin and 10% of them included in recovery and restoration programmes.
Target 9: 70% of the genetic diversity of crops and other major socio-economically valuable plant species conserved and associated indigenous and local knowledge maintained.
Target 10: Management plans in place of at least 100 major alien species that threaten plants, plant communities and associated habitats and ecosystems.
Target 11: No species of wild flora endangered by international trade.
Target 12: 30% of plant-based products derived from sources that are sustainably managed.
Target 13: The decline of plant resources, and associated indigenous and local knowledge, innovations and practices that support sustainable livelihoods, local food security and health care, halted.
Target 14: The importance of plant diversity and the need for its conservation incorporated into communication, educational and public-awareness programmes.
Target 15: The number of trained people working with appropriate facilities in plant conservation increased, according to national needs, to achieve the targets of this strategy.
Target 16: Networks for plants conservation activities established or strengthened at national, regional and international levels.
For more information on all these targets, visit the Plants 2010 website