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Zanthoxylum gilletii

Species Information                       

 

 

Species name               

Zanthoxylum gilletii

Common name(s)         

East African satin wood (English) ,olon (mutatembwa-rutoro)

Family

Rutaceae

Natural range

Sao Tomé and Principe; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Central African Republic; Côte d'Ivoire; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Benin; Congo; Liberia; Kenya; Ethiopia; Mozambique; Angola; Guinea; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; Tanzania, United Republic of; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Uganda; Burundi; Rwanda; Sierra Leone; South Sudan

Description      

 

 

Deciduous/evergreen

Deciduous

Size

Up to 35 m

Bark

Grey-brown, fairly smooth, with small radical tissues; it turns dark when exposed on sunshine and air.

Leaves

Terminal clusters alternate, imparipinnate 25 to 100 cm long flattened above and swollen with 7 to 27 leaflets

Flowers

Have 5 stamens while the female flowers

Fruits

Is reddish, splitting open to release one black to purple shiny seed

Seeds

3.5 to 6mm in diameter and tastes of peppermint
Uses The bark being effective against digestive disorders, toothache and teeth infections, male impotence and gastric ulcers among others aliments

Seed collection

 

 

Time of year

January - March

Post harvest handling

Exposing the seeds to fire for about 3 minutes before planting improves germination. Very good results can be gained from air layering of copsing shoots

Long term storage

The seeds loose their viability easily and quickly with time. They should be sown immediately after being harvested
Propagation

 

 

Method

Seed & air laying

Pretreatment

None

Depth sown

5 cm

Environment

Moist and shady

Expected success rate

Over 75% by air laying and below 30% by seed

Establishment

 

 

Age/height to plant out  

9 months/12 cm

Shade requirements

Plant in full shade

Soil

Clay soil

Protection requirements

Thorns naturally protect the species

Aftercare requirements

Water every 2 days

Expected growth rate

Medium to slow

Monitoring requirements

Field tools and equipments like GPS tape measure and camera to monitor the growth rate of the tree

Expected survival rate

70%

PlantSearch link

Click here

This information was provided by Tooro Botanical Gardens, Uganda. For further information, or to
buy seeds or seedlings of this species, please contact: torobotanicalgardens@gmail.com