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Trichilia emetica

Species Information                       

 

 

Species name               

Trichilia emetica

Common name(s)         

mururi (KIK)

Family

Meliaceae

Natural range

Benin; Burkina Faso; Botswana; Burundi; Angola; Central African Republic; Chad; Cameroon; South Africa; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Gambia; Guinea; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Zambia; Zimbabwe

Description      

 

 

Deciduous/evergreen

Evergreen, very long and clear bole with high crown

Size

20-30 m

Stem

Usually straight

Bark

Pale grey-brown, with breathing pores; red edges when cut

Leaves

Compound, 9-11 per leaf, imparipinnate; leaflets 12 cm long

Flowers

Cream-green in cymes to 10 cm

Fruits

Obovoid, pink to yellow brown, hairy 3-valved capsule

Seeds

In capsule; large, black with vivid red aril

Uses

Timber susceptible to borer attack, carves well; polishes well; emetic but toxic; oil used for soap

Seed collection

 

 

Post harvest handling

Sow fresh

Long term storage

Thought to be recalcitrant
Propagation

 

 

Method

Seed

Soil media

1:1:1 peat, sand, perlite; otherwise easy in soil

Pretreatment

None

Depth sown

3 cm

Environment

Greenhouse 22-25C / under shade in ambient conditions 17-20C

Dark/light conditions

Not known

Expected success rate

50-70%

Establishment

 

 

Age/height to plant out  

1-2 years

Shade requirements

Plant in shade

Soil

Basalt derived acid soil or forest soil; others unknown

Aftercare requirements

Plant in early main rains

Expected growth rate

Medium to slow

Expected survival rate

30-50%

PlantSearch link

Click here

This information was provided by Brackenhurst Botanic Garden, Kenya. For further information, or to
buy seeds or seedlings of this species, please contact: mjlni@yahoo.com Tel: +254 729 638 738