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Prunus africana

Species Information                       

 

 

Species name               

Prunus africana

Common name(s)         

Engote (Rutooro)

Family

Rosaceae

Natural range

Angola; Burundi; Cameroon; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopia; Kenya; Lesotho; Madagascar; Mozambique; Rwanda; Sao Tomé and Principe; South Africa; South Sudan; Sudan; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe

Description      

 

 

Deciduous/evergreen

Evergreen

Size

Up to 25 m

Bark

Dark grey-brown, highly corrugated

Leaves

Simple, reddish when young, midrib and petiole often red

Flowers

White, cream in auxiliary racemes

Fruits

Red to purple-black ellipsoid

Seeds

Round, light brown to 6 mm
Uses Used in traditional medicine in Uganda

Seed collection

 

 

Time of year

December- January

Post harvest handling

The drupes are collected on ground near the mother tree, pulp removed by soaking in cold water for 30 hours. The seeds then need to be dried for 12 hours before planting

Long term storage

Recalcitrant and will not store
Propagation

 

 

Method

Seed

Soil media

1:3 Sand: loam soil. Need mycorhiza

Pretreatment

None

Depth sown

3 cm

Environment

Kept in shade for the first three months after germination

Expected success rate

Over 70%

Establishment

 

 

Age/height to plant out  

9 months/15 cm

Shade requirements

Plant in full sun

Soil

Forest soil mixed with sand

Protection requirements

Small fencing around the tree will protect it from being damaged by browers

Aftercare requirements

Plant out at the beginning of a period of wet weather

Expected growth rate

Medium to slow

Expected survival rate

Over 65%

PlantSearch link

Click here

This information was provided by Tooro Botanical Gardens, Uganda. For further information, or to
buy seeds or seedlings of this species, please contact: torobotanicalgardens@gmail.com