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Milicia excelsa

Species Information                       

 

 

Species name               

Milicia excelsa

Common name(s)         

Muvule (Rutoro)

Family

Moraceae

Natural range

Angola; Benin; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Nigeria; Rwanda; Sao Tomé and Principe; Sierra Leone; South Sudan; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zimbabwe; Burkina Faso

Description      

 

 

Deciduous/evergreen

Deciduous

Size

45 m

Roots

Surface roots are often prominent red to red-brown with yellow lenticels

Bark

Moderately thick and rough, dark brown to almost black. The slash is orange and white granular and sometimes also fibrous excluding white latex

Leaves

Adult leaves are alternate and simple, they have an acuminate apex

Flowers

Green, unisexual, and born on separate male and female trees, the male inflorescence is a spike up to 20 cm in length

Fruits

Fertilised female inflorescence develops into a green mulberry-like syncarp, 5 to 7cm long containing numerous small seeds

Seeds

Seeds are tiny and they should be planted as soon as possible as they quickly lose their viability
Uses Used in traditional medicine in Uganda against stomach disorders (latex). It is a durable timber species and can produce high quality mulch.

Seed collection

 

 

Time of year

February-March

Post harvest handling

Do not expose seeds to direct sunlight. Viable seeds can be identified by submersing them in water, those that sink are healthy and those that float should be discarded

Long term storage

Seed dried and stored at -10C will remain viable for more than 2 years
Propagation

 

 

Method

Seed

Soil media

Will not tolerate water logged soil

Pretreatment

Soak in hot water overnight before sowing

Depth sown

Not beyond 4 cm

Environment

Moist and shady environment

Dark/light conditions

Light conditions

Expected success rate

80%

Establishment

 

 

Age to plant out  

Seedlings should be kept in the nursery for 4-6 months before transplanting

Shade requirements

Need 30 – 50% shade

Soil

Well drained alkaline soils

Protection requirements

Should be protected from browsers

Aftercare requirements

Plant out at the beginning of a period of wet weather

Monitoring requirements

Check every 2 days.

Expected growth rate

Medium to slow

Expected survival rate

65-75%

PlantSearch link

Click here

This information was provided by Tooro Botanical Gardens, Uganda. For further information, or to
buy seeds or seedlings of this species, please contact: torobotanicalgardens@gmail.com