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Croton megalocarpus

Species Information                       

 

 

Species name               

Croton megalocarpus

Common name(s)         

Munyabakaikuru (Rutooro), mukinduri (KIK)

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Natural range

Burundi; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Rwanda; Somalia; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Zambia

Description      

 

 

Deciduous/evergreen

Evergreen, very long and clear bole with high, open crown

Size

Up to 40 m

Bark

Pale grey-brown, longitudinally fissured with a spicy aroma

Leaves

Silvery beneath, long oval to 12 cm but often smaller

Flowers

Short yellowish, monoecious in racemes

Fruits

Grey woody capsules with 3 seeds

Seeds

Grey brown to 2 cm. Must be sown soon as possible after collecting as they cannot be stored for a long period. Germination takes about 4 weeks and has a high success rate
Uses Firewood, charcoal, timber, poles, bee forage, diesel; hard wood but not durable

Seed collection

 

 

Time of year

June-July

Post harvest handling

Once capsules are collected they should be gently splintered to release its seeds. The seeds shouls be dried before sowing

Long term storage

Recalcitrant and will not store
Propagation

 

 

Method

Seed

Soil media

1:1:1 peat, sand, perlite; otherwise easy in soil

Pretreatment

Soak the seeds in cold water for two days before sowing. Water the seeds twice a day

Depth sown

3 cm

Environment

Greenhouse 22-25C / under shade in ambient conditions 17-20C

Dark/light conditions

Light conditions

Expected success rate

80%

Establishment

 

 

Age to plant out  

1 year

Shade requirements

Does not require shade

Soil

Prefers acidic soil

Protection requirements

Needs staking out for the first 2 months. Water seeds twice daily

Aftercare requirements

Plant out at the beginning of a period of wet weather

Monitoring requirements

Check every 2 days.

Expected growth rate

Very fast

Expected survival rate

Over 80%

PlantSearch link

Click here

This information was provided by Tooro Botanical Gardens, Uganda and Brackenhurst Botanic Garden. For further information, or to
buy seeds or seedlings of this species, please contact: torobotanicalgardens@gmail.com and mjlni@yahoo.com