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Croton macrostachyus

Species Information                       

 

 

Species name               

Croton macrostachyus

Common name(s)         

Broad-leaved croton (English), Candleflower (English), Muhoti (Rutooro), Mutundu (KIK)

Family

Euphorbiaceae

Natural range

Central African Republic; Eritrea; Madagascar; Ghana; Guinea; Côte d'Ivoire; Liberia; Nigeria; Burundi; Cameroon; Rwanda; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Ethiopia; Somalia; South Sudan; Kenya; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe

Description      

 

 

General

A deciduous tree up to 30 m high with a straight or wavy trunk. Bark is dark brown or grey generally smooth but becoming fissured as ages

Deciduous/evergreen

Deciduous

Size

30 m

Bark

Pale grey-brown, smooth when young then longitudinally fissured

Leaves

Large, cordate to 15 cm, crowded at end of branchlets

Flowers

Creamy yellow in long racemes

Fruits

Grey trilobed, pea-sized with 3 seeds

Seeds

Shiny grey to 5 mm
Uses Firewood, charcoal, tools, timber, poles, bee forage, mulch

Seed collection

 

 

General

Capsules are preferably collected from the tree and the sun dried to extract seeds, the seeds contain oils and can be stored only for a few weeks

Time of year

June-July

Post harvest handling

Capsules harvested from the tree and dried under direct sunlight to extract the seed

Long term storage

Can be stored for up to 10 months if dried well
Propagation

 

 

Method

Seed

Soil media

1:5 sand: Loam soil

Pretreatment

None

Depth sown

2 – 3 cm

Environment

Moist environment

Dark/light conditions

Not known

Expected success rate

Over 78%

Method

Vegetative

Rooting media

Soil

Rooting hormone

Not required

Expected success rate

Over 78%

Establishment

 

 

Age/height to plant out  

3 months/16 cm

Shade requirements

Grows well in open space

Soil

Performs best in deep well drained soils

Expected growth rate

Very fast

Expected survival rate

Over 80%

PlantSearch link

Click here

This information was provided by Tooro Botanical Gardens, Uganda and Brackenhurst Botanic Garden, Kenya. For further information, or to
buy seeds or seedlings of this species, please contact: torobotanicalgardens@gmail.com or  mjlni@yahoo.com