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Cordia africana

Species Information                       

 

 

Species name               

Cordia africana

Common name(s)         

Large-leaved cordial (English), Mutumba (Rutooro)

Family

Boraginaceae

Natural range

Angola; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Ghana; Guinea; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Zimbabwe; Saudi Arabia; Yemen; South Sudan; Sudan; South Africa

IUCN conservation status

Vulnerable

Description      

 

 

Deciduous/evergreen

Deciduous

Size

Much-branched deciduous tree with rounded crown and often crooked trunk 4-15 m

Bark

Pale brown, finely grooved. Becomes rough with age

Leaves

Leaf stalks, underside of leaves covered with soft brown hairs, the upper surface may be slightly sandpapery. Large, oval to 16 cm base rounded, veins prominent below, young shoots

Flowers

Showly, funnel shaped, 2.5 cm across, thin white petals, sweetly-scented and attractive to bees; the calyx cup hairy brown and strongly ribbed

Fruits

Yellow orange 1 cm in hairy calyx cups, sticky edible pulp, each fruit containing 4-6 seeds

Seeds

Average number of seeds per kg; 1800. Germination rate 50-80% in 40-60 days
Uses Timber, firewood utensils, medicine (bark, roots), fodder leaves in dry season, bee forage, shade to grow crops such as coffee, mulch, boundary marker

Seed collection

 

 

Time of year

March

Post harvest handling

The fruits should be soaked in water for three days to remove the seeds which should be dried before planting

Long term storage

Well dried seeds can be kept for up to six months when stored at 15C
Propagation

 

 

Method

Seed

Soil media

Black loam : sandy soil,  8:1

Pretreatment

Soak in cold water for 16 hours

Depth sown

4 cm

Environment

Moist environment

Dark/light conditions

Seedlings should be grown in the shade

Expected success rate

50 - 80%

Vegetative

Root cuttings and root suckers were tested but had a low success rate

Establishment

 

 

Age/height to plant out  

4 months/16 cm

Expected growth rate

Fast

Expected survival rate

50 -60%

PlantSearch link

Click here

This information was provided by Tooro Botanical Gardens, Uganda. For further information, or to
buy seeds or seedlings of this species, please contact: torobotanicalgardens@gmail.com