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Catha edulis

Species Information                       

 

 

Species name               

Catha edulis

Common name(s)         

qat; miraa (KIK)

Family

Celastraceae

Natural range

Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Rwanda; Saudi Arabia; South Africa; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe

Description      

 

 

Deciduous/evergreen

Evergreen

Size

Up to 25m but small when cultivated

Stem

Bending branchlets

Bark

Smooth grey white, later rough and dark brown

Leaves

Opposite, narrowly elliptic to 11 cm

Flowers

Very small, pale yellow in bunches

Fruits

Red-brown capsules to 1 cm

Seeds

3 winged seeds per capsule

Uses

Valuable drug and cash crop

Seed collection

 

 

Time of year

October

Post harvest handling

Sow fresh

Long term storage

Unknown
Propagation

 

 

Method

Root cuttings or suckers

Soil media

1:1:1 peat, sand, perlite; otherwise easy in soil

Pretreatment

None

Depth sown

3 cm

Environment

Greenhouse 22-25C / under shade in ambient conditions 17-20C

Dark/light conditions

Not known

Expected success rate

50-70%

Establishment

 

 

Age/height to plant out  

1-2 years

Shade requirements

Plant in shade

Soil

Basalt derived acid soil or forest soil; others unknown

Aftercare requirements

Plant in early main rains

Expected growth rate

Medium

Expected survival rate

60%

PlantSearch link

Click here

This information was provided by Brackenhurst Botanic Garden, Kenya. For further information, or to
buy seeds or seedlings of this species, please contact: mjlni@yahoo.com Tel: +254 729 638 738