Latin America and the Caribbean
The Latin America and Caribbean region supports rich biological diversity, with around sixty per cent of global terrestrial life found within it, alongside diverse freshwater and marine flora and fauna.
Six of the world’s most biodiverse countries are within this region; Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela. It is also home to the world’s most biodiverse habitat, the Amazon rainforest. The region’s biomes extend from wetlands and coastal ecosystems to deserts, tropical forests, extensive savannah grasslands and high altitude Andean habitats. The lowland forests are amongst the most species-rich on Earth, and the mountain forests and moorlands of the Andes host a wide range of endemic and narrow range species.
The region as a whole presents a rising trend in all major pressures on biodiversity: land degradation and land use change; climate change; land-based pollution; unsustainable use of natural resources and invasive alien species.
BGCI is working with partners in the region to reduce the habitat loss, protecting and maintaining plant diversity vital to human wellbeing. Innovate and strategic initiatives such as the Global Trees Campaign (GTC), Ecological Restoration Alliance (ERA), and the Global Seed Conservation Challenge (GSCC) are implemented in the region.