Botanic gardens as centres of plant research are able to develop appropriate research programmes that support in situ conservation. These include conservation biology, restoration ecology, horticulture, population genetics, taxonomy and conservation status, the control of invasive species, pests and diseases, floristic inventories and status surveys.
Integrated Conservation (bringing together the approaches of in situ and ex situ conservation):
Genetic information is of increasingly importance in assisting the design plant conservation projects, as well as being useful in of itself
Research into plants and their properties can help us to wisely use plants. Botanic gardens can research and develop minor crops which have local importance, to allow the most benefit to be gained from them. They can also develop propagation protocols to bring unsustainably wild harvested plants into cultivation, to allow sustainable and safe production of the plant product. Working with indigenous and local knowledge can help this process. Research and development of useful plants must always be in accordance with the principles of Access and Benefit Sharing.
Taxonomy and Conservation Status
Taxonomic works are essential in undertaking any biodiversity conservation. Traditionally, botanic gardens have a special role and responsibilities in plant taxonomy as they usually maintain herbaria, libraries and living collections.
Undertaking work in plant taxonomy, systematics, floristics, inventories, monitoring, and surveys is essential to implement Article 7 of the CBD: Identification and monitoring and in achieving the Targets 1 and 2 of the GSPC.