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Lokrum Botanic Garden - an Interesting Collection of Australian Myrtaceae

Volume 2 Number 6 - June 1996
Sanja Kovavĉić

The "Lokrum" Botanic Garden was established by the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts in 1959 on the picturesque island of Lokrum near Dubrovnik, on the south-eastern coast of the Adriatic (Lat.: 18º 07' N, Long.:42º 37' E).

The moderately warm rainy climate, i.e. dry, warm summers and rainy, mild winters (annual averages: 1,300 mm of precipitation, 16.2ºC) have resulted in the formation of the east Adriatic Orno-Quercetum ilicis - subzone of the eumediterranean evergreen Quercion ilicis - vegetational zone.

The Botanic Garden (20,000 m sq) is characterized by many introduced plants. Most of them (about 600 species) have come from Australia and Southern America.There were about 100 species of Eucalyptus, 47 other species of Myrtaceae and many species from the Mimosaceae, Agavaceae, Cactaceae, Pinaceae, Cupressaceae (about 1,000 species).

A large number of species were burnt during the 1991/1992 war, the rest of them are fading because the irrigation system has been demolished.The library with botanical literature and the botanic garden documentation has been damaged.

Today, "Lokrum" Botanic Garden has one botanist and one gardener employed who take care of the Garden with good intentions and enthusiasm.

Dubrovnik Botanic Garden, one of the scientific and aesthetic signs of Croat's centuries old cultural and education tradition, needs help and support with advice, renewal of destroyed library, influential ties and any other kind of help.

Sanja Kovavĉić
"Lokrum" Botanic Garden
PO Box 39
HR - 20001 Dubrovnik
Croatia