Journal Archives > BGCNews > Notes on the Collection of the Arboretum Borova Hora, Slovakia and its Approach to Genetic Conservation
Notes on the Collection of the Arboretum Borova Hora, Slovakia and its Approach to Genetic Conservation
Volume 2 Number 7 - December 1996
Founded in 1965, The Arboretum Borova Hora is a research-development unit of the Technical University at Zvolen in Slovakia.In contrast to other similar establishments, Arboretum Borova Hora holds a collection of tree species which includes many of the intraspecific and geographical variations found in the natural forests of Slovakia. As we see the natural environment rapidly deteriorating, the collection of tree species in the arboretum is gaining greater relevance as it contributes to the preservation of gene pools of the indigenous dendroflora.
In 1981 the Arboretum Borova Hora was proclaimed a Protected Study Area in recognition of the value of its plant diversity. The collection of the Arboretum Borova Hora is composed of three groups: tree species, roses and cacti, all maintained with the purpose of rescuing and preserving genetic diversity.
Trees, particularly indigenous species have formed the fundamental collection since the establishment of the arboretum. When preserving gene pools, attention is focused on endangered taxa but another aspect of the collections includes ecotypes, populations from extreme conditions and morphological deviations, which are not protected in "Red Lists", yet are a significant part of the gene pool of localised dendroflora. It is hoped that the maximum possible variation of our trees is saved. Currently around 1,100 tree taxa are held.
Indigenous tree species which originated from localities in Slovakia are of great significance for example, Abies alba Mill., Juniperus communis L., Larix decidua Mill., Pinus mugo Turra., Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaetn.This material is very important for comparative studies, especially of lower taxonomical units.
From research material, provenance plots have been established in the Arboretum for Pinus cembra L,. Pinus sylvestris L. Acer pseudoplatanus L., and clonal archives and seed orchards for Betula verrucosa var. carelica N.0.Sok., Tilia cordata Mill., and Tilia platyphyllos Scor.
Alongside the arboretum, a rose collection has been developed and contains a wide range of the most important varieties in Slovakia, creating an archive of varieties produced in the former Czechoslovakia. Of the 207 varieties cultivated in the arboretum, 116 were bred by J. B”hm and R. Geschwind. With on-going reorganisation, this will increase to over 700 varieties of bed, garden, climbing and miniature roses.
The Arboretum Borova Hora aims to:
The long-term objective of the arboretum is the conservation of tree gene pools, and also study in two spheres:
The FAO Global Plan of Action
Taxonomy and Plant Conservation
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