Plant collections and researchers may interact with Indigenous peoples and local communities when they acquire wild or cultivated plant genetic resources, and may seek to document and investigate traditional knowledge associated with the resources. It is critical that individuals and institutions work respectfully with communities and request their free prior informed consent before conducting activities that affect communities or acquiring material or information over which those communities have rights. The examples here include some of the guidance available to collections and researchers, and some current practices for seeking consent and involvement.
Plant collections and researchers can generate and share a wide range of benefits in the course of their acquisition and use of plant genetic resources. In many cases research is non-commercial and benefits are non-monetary, but even non-commercial research can also involve the sharing of monetary benefits. Benefits may be shared bilaterally between providers (such as local communities, landowners and/or government authorities) and users, or globally for the benefit of the scientific community and society.
Refer also to: