About Biodiversity, Human Well-being & Botanic Gardens
This is a short introduction to BGCI's review of the role of Botanic Gardens in linking biodiversity with improvements to human well-being. We hope that this page will help you to understand what human well-being is, how it is linked to biodiversity conservation, and the role of botanic gardens.
What is Human Well-being?'Human well-being' as a similar meaning to the concept of 'reducing poverty and improving lives'. It is a phrase used in many existing policies and international conventions related to both biodiversity conservation and human development. BGCI considers that botanic gardens can contribute to four aspects:
Why is Well-being Important for Botanic Gardens in Conservation?
Many policies now require biodiversity conservation to take account of human well-being, and promote it where possible. The concept of linking natural resources with human needs was expressed over 30 years ago at the UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm. Since then it has been increasingly apparent that traditional approaches to conservation, and to development, have not achieved their aims, and it is now widely recognised that conservation and development need to be linked. This idea was most recently and prominently emphasised by the World Summit on Sustainable Development, in Johannesburg in 2002, and is part of all policies relevant to botanic gardens in conservation.
Policies for Relevant to Human Well-being and Botanic Gardens
Gardens involved with conservation should consider if they can use their resources to contribute to well-being and meet human needs. This is especially important in the poorest countries, but improving some aspect of well-being is relevant to botanic gardens everywhere.
Case studies showing how botanic gardens around the world are making practical contributions to all aspects of human well-being.
Botanic Gardens: Using Biodiversity to Improve Human Well-being
BGCI believes that biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction must be linked if we are to succeed in either aim. This report highlights how botanic gardens across the world are involved in a variety of projects that use biodiversity to improve human well-being.
Getting Biodiversity Projects to Work: Towards More Effective Conservation and Development (McShane & Wells, 2004)
Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDPs) represent the most popular approach to conserving the world's biodiversity. This book synthesises experience of the wide variety of ICDP initiatives, exploring both practice and theory, to better inform both practicioners and decision makers.