Our work > Botanic Gardens Using Plant Diversity to Alleviate Financial Poverty
Botanic Gardens Using Plant Diversity to Alleviate Financial Poverty
Plants support livelihoods and provide income for millions of people around the world. For example, the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment estimated in 2005 that 22% of the world's population (46% of the total labour force) are employed in agriculture alone. In a world where more than 1 billion people exist on less than US$1 per day (UN, 2005) it is important that the potential of plants to support income generation is fully realised.
The Role of Botanic Gardens
Botanic gardens can play an important role in supporting and enabling plant resources to support sustainable livelihoods and enable the generaiton of income. Economic botany has always been an important subject for botanic gardens, informing much of their collection of plants, and research into plant properties. For example, the Centre for Economic Botany Research at Royal Botanic Gardens Kew was founded in 1847 by the first official director, to "render great service, not only to the scientifc botanist, but also to the merchant, the manufacturer, the physician, the chemist, the druggist, the dyer, the carpenter, and the cabinet maker and artisans of every description".
For an example of a garden founded with a focus on economic botany, visit the page: Plant conservation - NBRI: A national institute for conservation and exploitation of plants in India
3 March 2006
2 May 2006
The Commercial Use of Biodiversity
In this volume the authors explain the provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) on access and benefit-sharing, the effect of national laws to implement these, and aspects of typical contracts for the transfer of materials.