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Convention on Biological Diversity

At the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, world leaders agreed on a comprehensive strategy for "sustainable development" -- meeting our needs while ensuring that we leave a healthy and viable world for future generations. One of the key agreements adopted at Rio was the Convention on Biological Diversity. This pact among the vast majority of the world's governments sets out commitments for maintaining the world's ecological underpinnings as we go about the business of economic development.

The CBD sets out commitments for maintaining the world's ecological state while economic development also continues. In order to achieve this, the Convention establishes three main goals:

  • the conservation of biological diversity
  • the sustainable use of its components
  • the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits from the use of genetic resources.

The CBD is the driving force behind almost all the policies that BGCI are involved in promoting.

Case Studies

The following articles from the BGCNews Archives show how botanic gardens are implementing the Convention.

A Review of International Conventions Which Affect the Work of Botanic Gardens: the Convention on Biological Diversity

Botanic Gardens and the Convention on Biological Diversity

The Convention on Biological Diversity: Articles Pertinent to Botanic Gardens

The Principles on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing: a Pilot Project for Botanic Gardens

Plant conservation - Botanic Garden’s Collections and the Convention on Biological Diversity: a case study from the Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden Research Institute, Brazil


Find Out More

The Convention on Biological Diversity
Signed by 150 government leaders at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, the Convention on Biological Diversity is dedicated to promoting sustainable development. The CBD is a global, comprehensive agreement addressing all aspects of biological diversity: genetic resources, species, and ecosystems.

Getting Biodiversity Projects to Work: Towards More Effective Conservation and Development (McShane & Wells, 2004)
Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDPs) represent the most popular approach to conserving the world's biodiversity. This book synthesises experience of the wide variety of ICDP initiatives, exploring both practice and theory, to better inform both practicioners and decision makers.