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Qur'anic Botanic Garden

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Qatar - Qatar - Doha

Institution Code:

International Agenda Registration: No

BGCI Member: Yes

About the Qur'anic Botanic Garden

The Qur’anic Botanic Garden, a member of Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development, the first of its kind in the world announced to exhibit all the plant species mentioned in the Holy Qur’an, and those in the Hadith and Sunnah (Sayings & traditions of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH). The Qur’anic Botanic Garden was inaugurated by Her Highness Sheikha Moza bint Nasser, Chairperson of Qatar Foundation, on 17 September 2008. To mark the event, she planted the Garden’s very first tree, the Sidra (Ziziphus spina-christi Willd, Sidr), which is also the symbol of the Foundation. The Garden exhibits the botanical terms mentioned in the Holy Qur’an, explaining the significance of their mention in the Holy Qur’an, as well as the scientific explanations of composition, application and usefulness to man. It inspires appreciation of nature by encouraging respect and responsibility for our environment.

Vision: A garden of a worldwide center of excellence for knowledge, education and research, and bridge cultures in inspiring appreciation of nature and fostering responsibility for our environment.

Mission: To promote a complete understanding of the plants, botanic terms and conservation principles mentioned in the Holy Qur’an, Hadith and Sunnah by applying scientific innovations, building appreciation of cultural traditions and by creating a garden that will provide unique opportunities for learning.

Roles:
ENVIRONMENTAL ROLE:
The Garden aims to maintain and preserve the diversity of plants collected from different regions of the world against dangers or threats.

EDUCATIONAL ROLE:
The Garden's Educational program for schools produces basic and applied information on plants, horticulture, conservation and cultural heritage throughout multiple applied and interactive activities.

SCIENTIFIC ROLE:
The Garden facilities research on Horticulture, Conservation, Biotechnology, Medicinal and Biotechnology, Medicinal and Socio-economic values of the plants of the Holy Qur’an and Hadith.

CULTURAL ROLE:
The revival of cultural tradition is a main goal for the Qur’anic Botanic Garden. The Garden aims to be the first destination for the whole family, who can enjoy and learn around its activities.

RECREATIONAL ROLE
The Qur’anic Botanic Garden, with unique design, contents and objectives, is an inspiring and generous place, committed to serving its community.

Concepts:
Sustainability : Conservation (Seeds) & Food Security (Farms)

Aesthetic Elements: Gardens & Greening

Morals & Ethics Values: Behaviors & Law

Ecology: Water, Air, Organism

Main Address:
Qur'anic Botanic Garden
Qatar Foundation
P.O. Box 5825
Doha
Qatar 05825 Qatar

Telephone: +974 44541542
Fax: +974 44548304
URL: www.qbg.org.qa
Primary Email: qbg@qf.org.qa

Staff Details

  • Director's Name: Fatima S. Al-Khulaifi
    Curator's Name: Ahmed Elgharib, Assistant Researcher
    Plant Records Officer's Name: Mohamed Hassona, Horticulturist
  • Total Staff:
    Horticultural Staff Number: 1
    Educational Staff Number: 1
    Research Staff Number: 1
    Administration Staff Number: 4

About the Garden

  • Institution Type: Botanic Garden
  • Status
  • Status: Private: No
    Status: State: Yes
    Status: Educational: Yes
    Status: Municipal: No
    Status: Satellite: No
    Status: Trust: Yes
  • Date founded: 2008
  • Physical Data
  • Natural Vegetation Area: No
  • Landscaped Area: Yes
  • Total Area: 2 Hectares
    Latitude: 25.2893292
    Longitude: 51.4594191
    Annual Rainfall: 13 mm
    Altitude: 70.00 Metres
    Total area of glasshouses: 150 Metres
    Total area of shadehouses: 1000 Metres
  • Locality: Information
  • Locality: Garden Name: حديقة القرآن النباتية
  • Local Address: Al-Laqta Street
  • Locality: City: Doha
  • Locality: State: Qatar

Features and Facilities

  • Herbarium: Yes
    Herbarium: Number of Specimens: 156
    Arboretum: Yes
  • Micropropagation/ Tissue Culture Facilities: Yes
    Seed Bank: Yes
    Published Plant Catalogue: Yes
    Computer Plant Record System: No
  • Open to public: No
    Friends society: No
    Retail Outlet: Shop: No
    Retail Outlet: Plant Sales: No
    Disabled access: Yes
  • Number of Visitors: 30000
    Number of Volunteers: 56

Plant Collections

  • Accession Number: 2618
    Cultivation Taxa Num: 52
  • Special Collections:The conservation and nursery technique in the Qur’anic Botanic Garden

    The primary goal of biodiversity conservation as envisaged in World Conservation Strategy is summarized below:
    i) Maintaining of essential ecological process and its life support system.
    ii) Preservation of genetic diversity
    iii) Sustainable Management.

    The QBG Objective is to conserve the precious wealth of plants mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and Hadith through achieve the goal of conserving the biodiversity of species in their off-site type.
    Conservation and Cultivation Technique
    Because of the complexity of the biodiversity, species assemblages and habitat type have to be used as majors of biodiversity (Margules and Pressey, 2000). Hence, to improve the habitat, certain ex-situ conservation technology was developed to conserve and multiply the plants that collected either from Qatar or from otherwise countries according to their geographical distribution.
    This include, the establishment of QBG Plant Nursery as a research and development facility inside the Qatar Foundation Plant Nursery located in Nasiriya area, Doha for developing of selected plants that mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and Hadith. The nursery contains two types of greenhouse that semi and fully controlled to cover the requirements of plants in terms of climatic conditions, in additions to seedbeds were prepared and big pots that filled with mixture of soil; this allow plants grow in smooth way for many years.
    The facilities in QBG nurseries provide not only housing and care for specimens of QBG species, but also have an educational value.
    Global conservation for Plants takes many techniques that sustainably conserve the plants as follows:
    • Cryopreservation
    • Seed banking
    • Tissue culture (storage and propagation)
    • Field gene banking
    • Cultivation collections: Plants under horticultural care in a constructed landscape, typically a botanic garden or arboreta.
    • Inter situ: Plants are under horticulture care, but the environment is managed to near natural conditions.
    QBG is using a conditioned glasshouse that allow semi-natural environment for tropical species for the uses of conservation. Multiple propagation techniques are being going on those species as per following table:
    English Arabic Scientific Habitat
    Ginger الزنجبيل Zingiber officinale Tropical/megathermal climate (Humid subtropical climates)
    Wild Ginger الزرنب Zingiber zerumbet Tropical/megathermal climate (Humid subtropical climates)
    Kust root القسط CheliCostus speciosus Tropical/megathermal climate (Humid subtropical climates)
    Eagle wood (Agarwood) العود Aquilaria malaccensis Tropical/megathermal climate (Humid subtropical climates)
    Camphor الكافور Dryobalanops camphora Tropical/megathermal climate (Humid subtropical climates)
    Banana الموز Musa paradisiacal Tropical/megathermal climate (Humid subtropical climates)
    Crocus sativus الزعفران Saffron Tropical/megathermal climate (Humid subtropical climates)
    Oryza sativa الأرز Rice Tropical/megathermal climate (Humid subtropical climates)

    • This occurs with either restored or semi-natural environments. This technique is primarily used for taxa that are rare or in areas where habitat has been severely degraded.
    • The QBG use in the plant conservation program a multiple technical processes to propagate the current stock in regular basis, as per the following:
    • Cuttings:
    Parts of plants that cut and separated from the mother tree and brought to form roots and/or shoots and eventually develop into entire plants. The QBG is using the cuttings for propagation of trees, shrubs that cannot easily multiply by seeds.
    QBG is successfully achieve trails on those plants as:
    English Arabic Scientific
    Henna الحناء Lawsonia inermis
    Citron الأترج Citrus medica
    Olive الزيتون Olea europaea
    Fig التين Ficus carica
    Pomegranate الرمان Punica granatum
    Tamarisk الأثل Tamarix aphylla
    Kust root عود القسط CheliCostus speciosus
    Basil الريحان Ocimum basilicum

    • Arial Layering:
    English Arabic Scientific
    Olive tree الزيتون Olea europaea
    Fig التين Ficus carica
    Eagle wood (Agarwood) العود Aquilaria malaccensis

    • Ground layering:
    English Arabic Scientific
    Kust root عود القسط CheliCostus speciosus
    Grape vine العنب Vitis vinifera

    • Propagules:
    English Arabic Scientific
    Ginger الزنجبيل Zingiber officinale
    Wild Ginger الزرنب Zingiber zerumbet
    Banana الموز Musa paradisiacal
    Kust root القسط CheliCostus speciosus
    Crocus sativus الزعفران Saffron
    Onion البصل Allium cepa
    Garlic الثوم Allium sativum


    The collection of technical data:
    QBG is monitoring the progress of conservation processes in the plant nursery through covering the below required data on each species collected inside the plant nursery, as following:
    QBG Plant Species Ex-situ Conservation Sheet

    Plant Names:
    Scientific
    English
    Arabic
    Botanical Index:
    Habit of the plant
    Habitat of the plant
    Planting date/Receiving date
    Harvesting date
    Herbarium collected
    Seeds collected
    Horticultural data:
    Planting soil type
    Fertilizer kind
    Type of fertilizer
    Amount of fertilizer
    Compost added
    Quantity of compost added
    Diseases &Pest Control:
    attacking happened
    Type of attack
    Strength of infection
    Kind of pest control
    Materials used in control
    Pruning and training:
    Applicable to pruning
    Pruning times per year
    Pottery and accommodation:
    Size of the plant's pot
    Materials used in pot
    Color of the pot
    Climate range:
    Growing Environment
    Max temperature recorded
    Min temperature recorded
    Stock Inventory:
    Number of plants stocked 2016
    Number of plants stocked 2017
    Height of the plants (mean)
    Canopy size of the plant (approx.)
    Propagation:
    Propagation experiments
    Propagation type
    Propagation remarks

    QBG Plant Record System for live-form of plants in the QBG nurseries is recently developed methodology for tracking those living collections and record their morphological signs, hence the Qur’anic Botanic Garden is a botanic garden, which need to be correctly identify and document all data around the plants to furnish the needs for:
    • Getting reliable reference for the living plants from plant identification, providing plant material from their collections for pharmaceutical screening or education.
    • Participating in the applied researches that study taxonomy, ethnobotany, horticulture and conservation biology the plants.
    • Securing conservation collections for long-term backup collections of wild plants in cultivation.
    • Population reinforcement and reintroduction species.
    Today’s QBG is using a developed sheet to record all those morphological data, under the published guidelines in the Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI), including:
    • Botanical labels for identification and interpretation;
    • Technical images so that plant recognition and identification is easier and makes the necessary task of plant stocktaking more accurate.
    • Managing the collections covering the basic and advanced plant maintenance that keep the stock healthier;
    • Mapping plant distribution inside the nurseries;
    • Producing reports of plant groups in cultivation e.g. conservation plants; taxonomic and geographic groups or those of economic use.
  • Invasive Species Monitoring: No
    Invasive Species Policy: No
    ABS Policy: No
    Plant Collection Policy: Yes

Conservation Programmes

  • Conservation Programme: Yes
    Medicinal Plant Programme: Yes
    Ex Situ Conservation Programme: Yes
    Reintroduction Programme: Yes

Research Programmes

  • Biotechnology: No
    Plant Breeding: Yes
    Conservation - Biology: Yes
    Conservation - Genetics: Yes
    Data Management Systems and Information Technology: No
    Ecology: Yes
    Ecosystem Conservation: Yes
    Education: Yes
    Ethnobotany: Yes
    Exploration: Yes
    Floristics: No
    Horticulture: Yes
    Invasive Species Biology and Control: Yes
    Molecular Genetics: No
    Pollination Biology: Yes
    Restoration Ecology: Yes
    Seed/Spore Biology: Yes
    Systematics and Taxonomy: Yes
    Sustainability: Yes
    Pharmacology: No
    Agriculture: Yes
    Land Restoration: Yes
    Urban Environments: Yes

Education Programmes

  • Visitor/Education Centre: Yes
    Education Signs in Garden: Yes
    Public Lectures/Talks: Yes
    Education Booklets/Leaflets: Yes
    Guided Tours: Yes
    Permanent Public Displays: No
    Special Exhibitions: Yes
    Courses for School Children: Yes
    Courses for University/College Students: Yes
    Courses for General Public: Yes
    Education Programme: Yes