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Jardin Botanico Las Orquideas

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Ecuador - Puyo

Institution Code: PUJBO

International Agenda Registration: No

BGCI Member: No

The Orchid and Botanical Garden of Puyo, Ecuador (Maxillaria striata)
The Orchid and Botanical Garden of Puyo, Ecuador (Maxillaria striata)

About the Jardin Botanico Las Orquideas

The Jardin Botanico Las Orquideas is a 6.5 ha restored forest in the Ecuadorian Amazon, located outside of the city of Puyo at the foot of the Andes. For more than 30 years we have been restoring the garden with plants native to the region. The garden now serves as an educational opportunity and a model for restoration efforts in nearby communities.

Main Address:
Jardin Botanico Las Orquideas
Casilla 16-01-710
Puyo
Ecuador

Telephone: (03) 253 0305
Fax:
URL: http://jardinbotanicolasorquideas.com/
Primary Email: jbl_orquideas@gmail.com

Staff Details

  • Director's Name: Omar Tello
    Curator's Name:
    Plant Records Officer's Name:
  • Total Staff:
    Horticultural Staff Number: 1
    Educational Staff Number: 1
    Research Staff Number: 1
    Administration Staff Number: 1

About the Garden

  • Institution Type: Botanic Garden
  • Status
  • Status: Private: Yes
    Status: Educational: Yes
  • Date founded: 1980
  • Physical Data
  • Natural Vegetation Area: Yes
    Natural vegetation area: Size: 7 Hectares
  • Landscaped Area: Yes
  • Total Area: 7 Hectares
    Latitude: -1.494100
    Longitude: -78.0000
    Annual Rainfall: 4000 mm
    Altitude: 950.00 Metres

Features and Facilities

  • Open to public: Yes
    Friends society: No
    Retail Outlet: Plant Sales: Yes
  • Number of Visitors: 60
    Number of Volunteers: 4

Plant Collections

Conservation Programmes

  • Conservation Programme: Yes
    Medicinal Plant Programme: Yes
    Reintroduction Programme: Yes

Research Programmes

  • Conservation - Biology: Yes
    Ecology: Yes
    Ecosystem Conservation: Yes
    Education: Yes
    Pollination Biology: Yes
    Restoration Ecology: Yes
    Land Restoration: Yes

Education Programmes

  • Visitor/Education Centre: Yes
    Education Programme: Yes

Restoring pasture to rainforest in Ecuador

The Jardin Botanico Las Orquideas is a restored forest located in 6 ha of rainforest pasture. This area of the Amazon is particularly poor in soil fertility, and natural re-vegetation is often slow and dominated by few pioneer species. Traditional indigenous cultures used a shifting cultivation method involving clearing of 1-3 ha patches followed by 2-5 years of cultivation and then allowing natural re-vegetation. However, the last 50 years of development in the region is dominated by clearing, a few years of cultivation, followed by cattle grazing.  Since 1980 at Jardin Botanico Las Orquideas the land has been restored from its eroded state into a secondary forest. Manual restoration activities have included using sawdust to smother pasture grass and fertilization with chicken manure, decomposed sawdust, sugar cane biomass waste, and kitchen compost, as well as plantings from seed, cutting, and seedling. For the past 10 years the garden has been more or less self sustaining, with some addition of fertilizer and weeding around occasional plants. The garden is known locally for expertise in forest restoration, and has been occasionally asked to conduct training sessions for local landowners. Much of our interpretative museum is focused on a photographic history / inventory of the faunal colonization of the garden, offering visitors a chance to observe the changes in the garden over the years.

The Garden would like to do more outreach and educational activities with local landowners about the restoration methods, however, most local forestation activities focus more on timber production. Discussions are being held with local and national government authorities for them to acquire neighbouring land and create a public forest reserve, allowing the Garden to increase the effective conservation size of its property.