BGCI > Garden
Royal Botanic Garden
Jordan - Amman
Institution Code: JARBG
BGCI Member: Yes
About the Royal Botanic Garden
The Royal Botanic Garden of Jordan is a non-profit organization, founded in 2005. It is located in Tell Ar-Rumman, just north of Amman, overlooking King Talal Dam.
Telephone: +962 6 541 3402
Community-Based Rangeland Rehabilitation (CBRR)
RBG Jordan: A Young Garden
Herders workshop © RBG Jordan
Duration: Ongoing since 2007
The CBRR team first offered free barley to livestock owners in exchange for them not grazing their flocks on RBG land. Meanwhile, vegetation surveys, biomass estimates and grazing behaviour studies were conducted.
Based on the collected data, the CBRR team developed managed grazing plans that have led to a significant rise in biomass and plant diversity on formerly overgrazed land, while allowing herders to graze their flocks inside the RBG site on a supervised basis. Managed grazing regimes take pressure off the environment, allowing the land to re-generate naturally.
Managed grazing © RBG Jordan
The team also work hand-in-hand with the local community, hosting workshops to advise, train, listen, and facilitate communication. In particular, the CBRR provides training on herd management, family hygiene, herd health, and feed supplements. Two local individuals have been trained as para-veterinarians, to assist the CBRR veterinarian in recognizing diseases, controlling parasites, administering vaccinations, distributing low-cost medicines, and updating a herd recording system.
Parallel to its work with livestock owners, the CBRR has also implemented micro-projects with local families to encourage sustainable livelihoods, develop alternative income sources and empower women. So far (2013), a dozen families have received training in production of honey, sun-dried yogurt or jameed, and mushrooms for culinary and medicinal use. Women receive additional training in sewing and handicrafts, reducing marginalization by offering income sources separate to those of men within the community.
Bedouin woman grinds medicinal herbs © RBG Jordan
Family visit © RBG Jordan
The CBRR’s managed grazing plans have caused a return of profuse vegetation to RBG land, helping to mitigate erosion, biodiversity loss and drought. Biomass surveys found that the site’s biomass increased by thirty percent from 2008 to 2009, a further thirty percent from 2009 to 2010, and ten percent per year thereafter. In six years, the number of wild plant species on site increased by over a hundred.
Herd management © RBG Jordan
The CBRR was recognized as a 2012 Katerva Award nominee. It published a study in the Pastoralism Journal in May 2012 on livestock, medicinal plants and rangeland viability, and has other papers currently awaiting publication. The CBRR’s work in the last five years has led to the development of a model for community development that can be adopted by other communities, the government, NGOs and international agencies. The CBRR has been recognized as an authority in the field and has been approached by several groups, including a world heritage site committee, interested in applying CBRR practices in their communities.
Community visit to the Garden © RBG Jordan
Several local participants in the CBRR programme have bought land, are building homes, and are making concrete plans for the future. Healthier and more productive sheep and goat herds are providing better products for market, while yielding higher incomes for livestock owners. While still in their early stages, the alternative income generating micro-projects should continue to grow and offer more opportunities. In addition, local people have an increased awareness of the importance of conserving biodiversity and managing the rangeland appropriately.
School children visit the Garden © RBG Jordan
CBRR presentation at Hima workshop, Kuwait, 2012 © RBG Jordan
Dr Raed Al Tabini, Rangeland Expert, RBG Jordan
Tariq Abu Taleb, Executive Director, RBG JordanEng. Khalid Al-Khalidi, Project Coordinator, RBG Jordan
United Nations Compensation Committee
Higher Council for Science and Technology
Ministries of Agriculture and Environment, Jordan
Badia Research and Development Center
National Center for Agricultural Research and Extension (NCARE)
Association Française de Développement (French Development Association)
Fonds Français pour l’Environnement Mondial (French Fund for the Global Environment)
Community-Based Rangeland Rehabilitation, Jordan
When the Royal Botanic Garden (RBG) of Jordan was founded in 2005, it identified food security as a major challenge facing Jordan. Climate change, overgrazing, desertification and a rapidly expanding population in Jordan are combining to create huge imbalances between food security and natural resource management. To address habitat loss and food security problems at a fundamental level, the RBG set up the Community-Based Rangeland Rehabilitation project (CBRR) in 2007, starting with five families living near the RBG site. Participation rose to 38 families by 2013.
More information about the RBG and the CBRR project are available at www.royalbotanicgarden.org.
27 March 2007