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Kunming Botanical Garden

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China - Yunnan - Kunming

Institution Code: KUN

International Agenda Registration: No

BGCI Member: Yes

About the Kunming Botanical Garden

Kunming Botanical Garden, 12 km from Kunming city, with towering old trees form a Black Dragon Pool Park, a famous tourist area. Has 60 years of history, the total area of ​​44 hectares of Kunming Botanical Garden, is a valuable introduction Yunnan flowers, herbs Yunnan, Yunnan important trees and rare and endangered plants in Yunnan Province as the main content of the live collection of garden plants. Nearly 6,000 species of plants have been collected, with 14 specialized class botanical garden.

Main Address:
Kunming Botanical Garden
Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Heilongtan, Northern Suburbs
Yunnan 650201 China

Telephone: (86 871) 65223628/65223807
Fax: (86 871) 65223612
Primary Email:

Staff Details

  • Director's Name: Sun Weibang
    Curator's Name: Wang Shiqiong
    Plant Records Officer's Name: Yin Qing
  • Total Staff:
    Horticultural Staff Number: 24
    Educational Staff Number: 3
    Research Staff Number: 18
    Administration Staff Number: 6

About the Garden

  • Institution Type: Botanic Garden
  • Status
  • Status: Private: No
    Status: State: Yes
    Status: Educational: Yes
    Status: Municipal: Yes
    Status: Satellite: No
  • Date founded: 1938
  • Physical Data
  • Natural Vegetation Area: Yes
    Natural vegetation area: Size: 10 Hectares
  • Landscaped Area: Yes
    Landscaped Area: Size: 34 Hectares
  • Total Area: 44 Hectares
    Latitude: 25.0166
    Longitude: 102.6833
    Annual Rainfall: 1006 mm
    Altitude: 1990.00 Metres
    Total area of glasshouses: 3 Metres
    Total area of shadehouses: 10 Metres
  • Locality: Information
  • Locality: Garden Name: 昆明植物园 (云南)
  • Local Address: 中国云南省昆明市北郊黑龙潭中科院昆明植物研究所,邮编 650201
  • Locality: City: 昆明
  • Locality: State: 云南

Features and Facilities

  • Herbarium: Yes
    Herbarium: Number of Specimens: 1
    Arboretum: Yes
  • Micropropagation/ Tissue Culture Facilities: Yes
    Seed Bank: Yes
    Published Plant Catalogue: Yes
    Computer Plant Record System: Yes
  • Open to public: Yes
    Friends society: Yes
    Retail Outlet: Plant Sales: Yes
  • Number of Visitors: 800000

Plant Collections

  • Cultivation Taxa Num: 4
  • Special Collections:Economically valuable species and cultivars and species of Camellia, Rhododendron, Begonia,Fern, Lilium, Medicinal Plants, Monocotyledons. Plants with volatile plant oils (Camphor etc). Conifers. Regular seed list produced.Rare and endangered plants of Yunnan

Conservation Programmes

  • Conservation Programme: Yes
    Medicinal Plant Programme: Yes
    Ex Situ Conservation Programme: Yes
    Reintroduction Programme: Yes

Research Programmes

  • Biotechnology: Yes
    Conservation - Biology: Yes
    Conservation - Genetics: Yes
    Data Management Systems and Information Technology: Yes
    Ecology: Yes
    Ecosystem Conservation: Yes
    Education: Yes
    Ethnobotany: Yes
    Exploration: Yes
    Floristics: Yes
    Horticulture: Yes
    Molecular Genetics: Yes
    Pollination Biology: Yes
    Seed/Spore Biology: Yes

Education Programmes

  • Visitor/Education Centre: Yes
    Public Lectures/Talks: Yes
    Guided Tours: Yes
    Permanent Public Displays: Yes
    Special Exhibitions: Yes

Conservation and restoration in the Zhibenshan Mountains, West Yunnan, China

Over the past 5 years, BGCI has assisted botanical experts of Kunming Botanical Garden (KBG), CAS, to survey the woody flora of the temperate to subtropical forest habitat in the Zhibenshan mountains, Yunlong County, Dali Prefecture, Yunnan. Over 300 woody species were recorded in the course of the surveys. A number of target species were propagated and ex situ collections developed at KBG and local nurseries at Zhibenshan. In addition, a pilot site was established in situ to study and monitor progress of population reinforcement programmes.

The second phase (2013-2015) will include a major emphasis on habitat restoration at Zhibenshan and entail the following components: 1) establishment of permanent, pilot restoration sites for selected target species; 2) monitoring and evaluation of planted saplings; 3) establishment of a ‘near-situ’ conservation site with a focus on the propagation and cultivation of Plant Species occurring in Extremely Small Populations (PSESP), a concept developed by the Forestry Department of Yunnan Province. Further efforts will be undertaken to ultimately assign official protection status to the biologically most valuable parts of Zhibenshan, linking it with the existing Gaoligong National Nature Reserve.

A 67 ha large ‘near-situ’ conservation base located some 4 km away from the core zone has been establish with PSESP being planted alongside species translocated from an area due to be lost during the building of a road. While this road will facilitate better access, Kunming Botanical Garden will influence the authorities in charge of the works to integrate the road into the landscape and minimize negative impacts to the extent possible. The close interaction with these authorities and local and provincial forest departments will help pursue the discussions concerning the future protection status of some of the most valuable areas of the Zhibenshan mountains.

In 2015, the aim is to scale up propagation and planting of selected species as well as raising awareness of the region's biodiversity, labelling emblematic species along the new road. Work will continue in conjunction with local government to develop a conservation and restoration programme focusing on in situ conservation of PSESP.