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Kunming Botanical Garden

China - Yunnan - Kunming

Institution Code: KUN

International Agenda Registration: No

BGCI Member: Yes

About the Kunming Botanical Garden

Kunming Botanical Garden, 12 km from Kunming city, with towering old trees form a Black Dragon Pool Park, a famous tourist area. Has 60 years of history, the total area of ​​44 hectares of Kunming Botanical Garden, is a valuable introduction Yunnan flowers, herbs Yunnan, Yunnan important trees and rare and endangered plants in Yunnan Province as the main content of the live collection of garden plants. Nearly 4,000 species of plants have been collected, with 10 specialized class botanical garden.

Main Address:
Kunming Botanical Garden
Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Heilongtan, Northern Suburbs
Yunnan 650204 China

Telephone: (86 871) 5223090/5223807
Fax: (86 871) 5150227/5219933
Primary Email:

Staff Details

  • Director's Name: Guan Kaiyun
    Curator's Name: Cheng Xiao
    Plant Records Officer's Name: Wang Zhonglang
  • Total Staff:
    Horticultural Staff Number: 24
    Educational Staff Number:
    Research Staff Number: 20
    Administration Staff Number: 4

About the Garden

  • Institution Type: Botanic Garden
  • Status
  • Status: State: Yes
  • Date founded: 1938
  • Physical Data
  • Natural Vegetation Area: Yes
  • Total Area: 44 Hectares
    Latitude: 25.0166
    Longitude: 102.6833
    Annual Rainfall: 1006 mm
    Altitude: 1990.00 Metres
    Total area of glasshouses: 3 Metres
    Total area of shadehouses: 10 Metres
  • Locality: Information
  • Locality: Garden Name: 昆明植物园 (云南)
  • Local Address: 中国云南省昆明市北郊黑龙潭中科院昆明植物研究所,邮编 650204
  • Locality: City: 昆明
  • Locality: State: 云南

Features and Facilities

  • Herbarium: Yes
    Herbarium: Number of Specimens: 1
    Arboretum: Yes
  • Micropropagation/ Tissue Culture Facilities: Yes
    Published Plant Catalogue: Yes
    Computer Plant Record System: Yes
  • Open to public: Yes
    Friends society: Yes
    Retail Outlet: Plant Sales: Yes
  • Number of Visitors: 300

Plant Collections

  • Cultivation Taxa Num: 4
  • Special Collections:Economically valuable species and cultivars and species of Camellia, Rhododendron, Begonia,Fern, Lilium, Medicinal Plants, Monocotyledons. Plants with volatile plant oils (Camphor etc). Conifers. Regular seed list produced.Rare and endangered plants of Yunnan

Conservation Programmes

  • Medicinal Plant Programme: Yes
    Ex Situ Conservation Programme: Yes

Research Programmes

  • Biotechnology: Yes
    Conservation - Biology: Yes
    Conservation - Genetics: Yes
    Data Management Systems and Information Technology: Yes
    Ecology: Yes
    Ecosystem Conservation: Yes
    Education: Yes
    Ethnobotany: Yes
    Exploration: Yes
    Floristics: Yes
    Molecular Genetics: Yes
    Pollination Biology: Yes
    Seed/Spore Biology: Yes

Education Programmes

  • Visitor/Education Centre: Yes

Conservation and restoration in the Zhibenshan Mountains, West Yunnan, China

Over the past 5 years, BGCI has assisted botanical experts of Kunming Botanical Garden (KBG), CAS, to survey the woody flora of the temperate to subtropical forest habitat in the Zhibenshan mountains, Yunlong County, Dali Prefecture, Yunnan. Over 300 woody species were recorded in the course of the surveys. A number of target species were propagated and ex situ collections developed at KBG and local nurseries at Zhibenshan. In addition, a pilot site was established in situ to study and monitor progress of population reinforcement programmes.

The second phase (2013-2015) will include a major emphasis on habitat restoration at Zhibenshan and entail the following components: 1) establishment of permanent, pilot restoration sites for selected target species; 2) monitoring and evaluation of planted saplings; 3) establishment of a ‘near-situ’ conservation site with a focus on the propagation and cultivation of Plant Species occurring in Extremely Small Populations (PSESP), a concept developed by the Forestry Department of Yunnan Province. Further efforts will be undertaken to ultimately assign official protection status to the biologically most valuable parts of Zhibenshan, linking it with the existing Gaoligong National Nature Reserve.

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