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Beijing (southern) Botanical Garden - Living Plants

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China - Beijing - Xiangshan

Institution Code: PE

International Agenda Registration: Yes

BGCI Member: Yes

About the Beijing (southern) Botanical Garden - Living Plants

Beijing Botanical Garden, lying in the foot of the West Hill of Beijing, has by tradition been engaged in the conservation of the native flora, especially plants from northern, northeastern and northwestern China. Its attention is also concentrated on research, public education and recreation. 200 ha are currently opened to the public, including the living plant collections, the historic sites, a nature reserve. Excellent displays are made monthly in the main conservatory, penjing (bonsai) garden, the arboretum and 11 outdoor gardens: tree-peony garden, peony garden, rose garden, ornamental peach garden, lilac garden, crabapple-contoneaster garden, magnolia garden, fall color garden, perennial garden, bamboo garden and mume flower garden. The garden attracts more than 1.4 million domestic and overseas visitors every year.

Main Address:
Beijing (southern) Botanical Garden - Living Plants
Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan South Road
Beijing 100093 China

Telephone: (86-10) 62591431
Fax: (86-10) 62590348
Primary Email:

Staff Details

  • Director's Name: Song Ge, Director of Botanical Garden
    Curator's Name: Jinzheng Zhang
    Plant Records Officer's Name:
  • Total Staff:
    Horticultural Staff Number: 20
    Educational Staff Number: 3
    Research Staff Number: 25
    Administration Staff Number: 5

About the Garden

  • Institution Type: Botanic Garden
  • Status
  • Status: Private: No
    Status: State: Yes
    Status: Educational: Yes
    Status: Municipal: No
    Status: Satellite: No
  • Date founded: 1955
  • Physical Data
  • Natural Vegetation Area: No
  • Landscaped Area: Yes
    Landscaped Area: Size: 21 Hectares
  • Total Area: 74 Hectares
    Latitude: 38.48
    Longitude: 116.28
    Annual Rainfall: 620 mm
    Altitude: 76.00 Metres
  • Locality: Information
  • Locality: Garden Name: 中国科学院北京植物园
  • Local Address: 中国北京市海淀区香山南辛村20号 中科院植物研究所,邮编 100093
  • Locality: City: 香山
  • Locality: State: 北京

Features and Facilities

  • Herbarium: Yes
    Herbarium: Number of Specimens: 2200000
    Arboretum: Yes
    Arboretum Size: 15
  • Micropropagation/ Tissue Culture Facilities: Yes
    Seed Bank: Yes
    Published Plant Catalogue: Yes
    Computer Plant Record System: Yes
  • Open to public: Yes
    Retail Outlet: Shop: Yes
    Disabled access: Yes
  • Number of Visitors: 1400000
    Number of Volunteers: 200

Plant Collections

  • Cultivation Taxa Num: 5000
  • Special Collections:About 700 rose Cultivars are grown in the rose garden, covering an area of 7 ha. With a European style, a hidden fountain and a cascade make an open theatre with hybrid tea roses, miniature roses, antique roses and wild roses along the pathway.

    Ornamental peach is very decorative by Chinese tradition. The ornamental peach Garden was completed at the beginning of 1980’s, covering an area of 3.4 ha. 70 cultivars are collected at present. Flowering plum,forsythia and cherries sent by Japanese friends can be found in the garden too. Rich multicolored flowers cover the entire hillside during blooming spring. A new breeding program is carried on for cultivars with new color and early blossom.

    China is believed to keep the most species of lilac in the world. Lilac has long been grown as one of the ornamental plants. The lilac garden, covering an area of 3.5 ha, was first completed in the end of 1950’s and then extended at the beginning of 1980’s. 22 species and cultivars of lilac are collected here currently. The blooming time may last 6 weeks depending on different varieties. We are hunting new cultivars from North America & Europe and looking forward to financial support for the project.

    The arboretum is also a highlight in the garden. It is composed of conifers, maples, poplars, magnolias and many other tree species. The woods make much relaxation and comfort for visitors. It is also one of biggest conifer collection in China.

Conservation Programmes

  • Conservation Programme: Yes
    Medicinal Plant Programme: Yes
    Ex Situ Conservation Programme: Yes
    Reintroduction Programme: Yes

Research Programmes

  • Biotechnology: Yes
    Plant Breeding: Yes
    Conservation - Biology: Yes
    Conservation - Genetics: Yes
    Data Management Systems and Information Technology: Yes
    Ecology: Yes
    Ecosystem Conservation: Yes
    Education: Yes
    Ethnobotany: Yes
    Exploration: Yes
    Floristics: Yes
    Horticulture: Yes
    Invasive Species Biology and Control: Yes
    Molecular Genetics: Yes
    Pollination Biology: Yes
    Restoration Ecology: Yes
    Seed/Spore Biology: Yes
    Systematics and Taxonomy: Yes
    Sustainability: Yes
    Agriculture: Yes
    Urban Environments: Yes

Education Programmes

  • Visitor/Education Centre: Yes
    Education Signs in Garden: Yes
    Public Lectures/Talks: Yes
    Education Booklets/Leaflets: Yes
    Guided Tours: Yes
    Permanent Public Displays: Yes
    Special Exhibitions: Yes
    Courses for School Children: Yes
    Courses for University/College Students: Yes
    Courses for General Public: Yes
    Education Programme: Yes