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Beijing (southern) Botanical Garden - Living Plants

China - Beijing - Xiangshan

Institution Code: PE

International Agenda Registration: Y
BGCI Member: N

About the Beijing (southern) Botanical Garden - Living Plants

Beijing Botanical Garden, lying in the foot of the West Hill of Beijing, has by tradition been engaged in the conservation of the native flora, especially plants from northern, northeastern and northwestern China. Its attention is also concentrated on research, public education and recreation. 200 ha are currently opened to the public, including the living plant collections, the historic sites, a nature reserve. Excellent displays are made monthly in the main conservatory, penjing (bonsai) garden, the arboretum and 11 outdoor gardens: tree-peony garden, peony garden, rose garden, ornamental peach garden, lilac garden, crabapple-contoneaster garden, magnolia garden, fall color garden, perennial garden, bamboo garden and mume flower garden. The garden attracts more than 1.4 million domestic and overseas visitors every year.

Main Address:
Beijing (southern) Botanical Garden - Living Plants
Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences
20 Nanxincun, Xiangshan South Road
Beijing 100093 China

Telephone: (86-10) 62591431
Fax: (86-10) 62590348
Primary Email:

Staff Details

  • Director's Name: Song Ge, Director of Botanical Garden
    Curator's Name: Jinzheng Zhang
    Plant Records Officer's Name:
  • Total Staff:
    Horticultural Staff Number: 20
    Educational Staff Number: 3
    Research Staff Number: 25
    Administration Staff Number: 5

About the Garden

  • Institution Type: Botanic Garden
  • Status
  • Status: Private: N
    Status: State: Y
    Status: Educational: Y
    Status: Municipal: N
    Status: Satellite: N
  • Date founded: 1955
  • Physical Data
  • Natural Vegetation Area: N
  • Landscaped Area: Y
    Landscaped Area: Size: 21 Hectares
  • Total Area: 74 Hectares
    Latitude: 38.48
    Longitude: 116.28
    Annual Rainfall: 620 mm
    Altitude: 76.00 Metres
  • Locality: Information
  • Locality: Garden Name: 中国科学院北京植物园
  • Local Address: 中国北京市海淀区香山南辛村20号 中科院植物研究所,邮编 100093
  • Locality: City: 香山
  • Locality: State: 北京

Features and Facilities

  • Herbarium: Y
    Herbarium: Number of Specimens: 2200000
    Arboretum: Y
    Arboretum Size: 15
  • Micropropagation/ Tissue Culture Facilities: Y
    Seed Bank: Y
    Published Plant Catalogue: Y
    Computer Plant Record System: Y
  • Open to public: Y
    Retail Outlet: Shop: Y
    Disabled access: Y
  • Number of Visitors: 1400000
    Number of Volunteers: 200

Plant Collections

  • Cultivation Taxa Num: 5000
  • Special Collections:About 700 rose Cultivars are grown in the rose garden, covering an area of 7 ha. With a European style, a hidden fountain and a cascade make an open theatre with hybrid tea roses, miniature roses, antique roses and wild roses along the pathway.

    Ornamental peach is very decorative by Chinese tradition. The ornamental peach Garden was completed at the beginning of 1980’s, covering an area of 3.4 ha. 70 cultivars are collected at present. Flowering plum,forsythia and cherries sent by Japanese friends can be found in the garden too. Rich multicolored flowers cover the entire hillside during blooming spring. A new breeding program is carried on for cultivars with new color and early blossom.

    China is believed to keep the most species of lilac in the world. Lilac has long been grown as one of the ornamental plants. The lilac garden, covering an area of 3.5 ha, was first completed in the end of 1950’s and then extended at the beginning of 1980’s. 22 species and cultivars of lilac are collected here currently. The blooming time may last 6 weeks depending on different varieties. We are hunting new cultivars from North America & Europe and looking forward to financial support for the project.

    The arboretum is also a highlight in the garden. It is composed of conifers, maples, poplars, magnolias and many other tree species. The woods make much relaxation and comfort for visitors. It is also one of biggest conifer collection in China.

Conservation Programmes

  • Conservation Programme: Y
    Medicinal Plant Programme: Y
    Ex Situ Conservation Programme: Y
    Reintroduction Programme: Y

Research Programmes

  • Biotechnology: Y
    Plant Breeding: Y
    Conservation - Biology: Y
    Conservation - Genetics: Y
    Data Management Systems and Information Technology: Y
    Ecology: Y
    Ecosystem Conservation: Y
    Education: Y
    Ethnobotany: Y
    Exploration: Y
    Floristics: Y
    Horticulture: Y
    Invasive Species Biology and Control: Y
    Molecular Genetics: Y
    Pollination Biology: Y
    Restoration Ecology: Y
    Seed/Spore Biology: Y
    Systematics and Taxonomy: Y
    Sustainability: Y
    Agriculture: Y
    Urban Environments: Y

Education Programmes

  • Visitor/Education Centre: Y
    Education Signs in Garden: Y
    Public Lectures/Talks: Y
    Education Booklets/Leaflets: Y
    Guided Tours: Y
    Permanent Public Displays: Y
    Special Exhibitions: Y
    Courses for School Children: Y
    Courses for University/College Students: Y
    Courses for General Public: Y
    Education Programme: Y