Cultivating urban ambassadors for nature
Volume 4 Number 1 - April 2007
Suma TS, D.K. Ved, Vijay Barve, M. Supriya, Sathya Sangeetha, and Savitha B
SummaryThis article describes FRLHT’s new experience related to encouraging young minds to appreciate and explore their neigbourhood plants. Students learn that many plants have medicinal value and are related to their lives. We strongly believe children are ambassadors who will carry forward our conservation messages to their families and friends in a constructive way, provided their interest is nurtured.
We began the project by attempting to understand urban students’ interest towards nature, their natural skills, their understanding about nature, their traditions, their hobbies and kinds of outdoor activities they prefer. This exploratory study showed that students lack exposure and awareness towards nature. Foreseeing the cascading implications, we have initiated a participatory approach, where teachers and children are involved in an interactive, educative and enjoyable manner to learn about the plants in their vicinity. Our aim is to ignite young minds to think and act locally, to conserve medicinal plants and traditional knowledge.
Genesis of an idea:
One evening during November 2005, over a cup of coffee, some of us at FRLHT, came up with an idea, ‘Why not develop a nature education programme for busy city kids to learn about their neighbourhood plants through a combination of nature walks, talks and e-learning, using an interactive CDRom?’. Driving us was our view that children increasingly lead busy life styles and spend more time on indoor activities. Their lack of time to appreciate nature has resulted in a drift away from nature to monotony. There is also sparse coverage of local flora and fauna in the school curriculum, inadequate availability of educational material on local biodiversity and a lack of awareness about medicinal plants and traditional knowledge.
Convinced that our idea was a good one, we scrutinised book stalls to find out what the availability was of publications dealing with local flora, especially on medicinal plants for school students. Next, we consulted textbooks from state and central education departments. All these efforts confirmed our views; enabling us to feel confident about designing an educational programme and resources.
The main objectives for the programme were:
- To inspire young minds to appreciate the plants in their neighbourhood
- To know that many of the plants have medicinal value and are associated within traditional knowledge
- To encourage students to think globally and act locally
- To generate pro-environmental behaviour and attitudes
- To design the supplementary resources in the form of an interactive CDRom entitled ‘Neighbourhood Medicinal Plants of Bangalore City’
- To demonstrate the use of a CDRom prototype with the outdoor-based activities such as nature walks, observation studies, project work etc.
- To undertake participatory field testing of the CDRom prototype with the school students (high school) and teachers
- Designing a CDRom prototype entitled ‘Neighborhood Medicinal Plants for School Children of Bangalore City’
- Field-testing and dissemination of prototype CDRom through the nature education programme.
Step one - designing the CDRom
A comprehensive checklist of common plants was prepared by experienced field botanists through field surveys across Bangalore city. Field data was overlaid with information in the Encyclopaedia on Indian Medicinal Plants database (www.medicinalplants.in). A list of 269 plants emerged as common medicinal plants in Bangalore city. To this list, additional information on medical systems, medicinal uses and associated information was included gradually. This list was then incorporated into the prototype CDRom.
Step two - field-testing and dissemination
Once the first prototype CDRom was designed, we organised a teacher’s workshop to get feedback on the nature education programme and CDRom. The biology teachers and education experts who took part said this programme was interesting and provided ‘life long learning’ experiences for students. They said it would provide students with the correct information and would allow them space to link the learning to their lifestyles in an enjoyable fashion. Their first impression about the CDRom was that “it could become a supplementary learning aid for students and teachers to know about the commonly found medicinal plants of Bangalore city, learn the plant names, use it as authentic reference material for building science projects, and enthuse students to identify plants, thus building interest and skills.”
With this initial feedback, we moved forward to test the education approach and the CDRom among five schools in Bangalore city. The teachers were also willing to participate in the trialling of the nature education programme.
With the teachers as the back bone to the programme and the driving force behind its implementation, we designed the approach. This was based on the teacher’s views about the students’ level of knowledge about their neighbourhood plants, whether they could identify them and whether they knew their medicinal values and the traditional practices associated with them. The teachers also suggested that the ideal target audience was students of 7th to 9th standard. These students are free from competitive examinations and so have ample time to explore and learn about plants. They are also receptive and inquisitive at this age. Looking at all the practical possibilities, we collectively developed learning objectives for the nature walks and trails and project works. These objectives focused on developing observational, data organisation, data collection and analysis skills as well as improving communication skills and developing empathy and a positive behaviour and attitude towards the environment.
Learning through experience:
We began our nature education programme with schools, through the establishment of nature clubs. In each club there are 20 to 30 students as members by choice. Before taking the students on nature walks, we assessed their level of understanding about local plants through games and themed discussions. During the nature walks, learning objectives developed by teachers were delivered. The initial walks focussed on looking at plants, learning their various parts and how these are arranged and observing their interactions with other plants and animals.
We found that motivated students took the initiative to come up with nature books, record their observations, and share information with their friends. They learnt to identify plants in a simple way and also learn the local names and botanical names with the help of a botanist and the CDRom. To date, 130 students representing 6th to 9th standard have taken part in the nature education programme and are involved in various activities including:
- Active participation in nature walks to deepen their understanding of local plants.
- Exposure to well referenced education material such as the prototype CDRom based on the Encyclopaedic series mentioned earlier
- Obtaining feedback from students and teachers for improving the educational material
- Undertaking self-defined research projects related to local plants
- Sharing of learning experiences with participating schools
- Gradually setting up school herbal gardens with students and teacher participation
Audience based evaluation:
The nature education programme and CDRom has undergone front end and formative evaluation. During the testing stage, we have received feedback from students on the usefulness and user- friendliness of the prototype. So far nearly 220 students across Bangalore city have fedback their comments - from urban and semi-urban students who visit the FRLHT campus and are part of the nature education initiatives. This feedback was obtained through focused group discussions, personal interactions, frequent peer reviews and questionnaires. Based on the suggestions, we have included a module in the programme called ‘Green Pad’, to help users create their own personal digital database on field notes. Thus the educational material is evolving and has graduated to include two interactive Beta version prototypes.
We are looking forward to finalising the nature education programme. In the future we are keen to develop similar approaches and CDRoms for various other cities across India and to share our experiences with like-minded organisations. Currently we are experimenting with school children on tree identification in a similar way. The feedback suggests that another e-tool would be useful in helping children identify trees of Bangalore city.
The prime focus of this interactive approach is to nurture love towards plants and build scientific skills in students. Through this approach we aim to build skills, provide authentic information and create learning environment to think, act and share experience with others. Our goal is to create many ambassadors who can propagate the conservation message.
Additional inputs: K. Ravikumar, V.P. Mangala, B. Lavanya and B.S. Somashekhar from FRLHT, Bangalore
The authors wish to thank all the teachers for extending their time and support. In particular Dr. Meenakshi Barve, Retired Reader, SNDT College of Education, Pune, Mrs. Shobha Bhat, Principal, biology teachers and students of Nagajuna Vidyaniketan School, Yelahanka Bangalore; Mrs. Anu Thomas, Principal, Biology teachers Mrs. Sandya, Mr. Eshwarappa and Mr. Ananda Kasturi, and students of GC-KVCRPF, Yelahanka, Bangalore; Mrs. Hemalatha, Principal and Mrs. Anuradha, Biology Teacher and students of Seshadripuram Primary School, Yelahanka, Bangalore and Mrs.Shyamala, Principal, Biology teachers Mrs. Manjula and Mrs. Shashikala, and students of Seshadripuram High School, Yelahanka for their input, zest and enthusiasm to actively engage in this approach. Our heartfelt thanks are also due to all the students, educationalists and FRLHT staff members for their kind co-operation and constant support and encouragement.
Résumé - La culture d’ambassadeurs urbains
Cet article décrit les nouvelles expériences menées par le FRLHT, qui cherche à encourager les jeunes esprits à apprécier et à explorer leur environnement végétal. Les étudiants apprennent que beaucoup de plantes ont une valeur médicinale et sont liées à leur vie. Nous pensons fermement que les enfants sont des ambassadeurs qui diffuseront notre message sur la conservation d’une façon constructive auprès de leur famille et de leurs amis, pour autant que leur intérêt soit sustenté.
Nous avons commencé le projet en essayant de comprendre l’intérêt des étudiants des zones urbaines envers la nature, leurs compétences naturelles, leur compréhension de la nature, leurs traditions, leurs passe-temps et quels types d’activités de plein air ils préfèrent. Cette étude exploratoire a démontré le manque d’exposition et de sensibilisation à la nature dont souffrent les étudiants. Au vu de l’enchaînement des implications, nous avons initié une approche participative où les enseignants et les enfants sont engagés dans un apprentissage interactif, éducatif et agréable concernant les plantes de leur voisinage. Notre but est d’enflammer les jeunes esprits pour les inciter à penser et à agir localement afin de conserver les plantes médicinales et les savoirs traditionnels.
Resumen - Cultivando embajadores urbanos
Este artículo describe la nueva experiencia FRLHT destinada a motivar jóvenes mentes a apreciar y explorar sus plantas vecinas. Los estudiantes aprenden que muchas plantas tienen un valor medicinal y están relacionadas a sus vidas. Nosotros creemos fuertemente que los niños son embajadores quienes llevaran nuestros mensajes de conservación a las familias y amigos en una forma constructiva, probando que su interés queda consolidado.
Nosotros comenzamos el proyecto intentando entender los intereses de los estudiantes urbanos hacia la naturaleza, sus habilidades naturales, su entendimiento acerca de la naturaleza, sus tradiciones, sus pasatiempos y tipos de actividades extramuros que ellos prefieren.
Sus estudios exploratorios mostraron que los estudiantes carecen de exposición y preocupación hacia la naturaleza. Previniendo las implicaciones derivadas de esto, nosotros hemos iniciado iniciativa participativa, donde los maestros y niños están involucrados en una manera interactiva, educativa y amena para aprender acerca de las plantas en sus alrededores. Nuestro objetivo es animar a estas mentes jóvenes a pensar y actuar localmente, para conservar las plantas medicinales y conocimiento tradicional.
Suma TS, D.K. Ved, Vijay Barve, M. Supriya and Sathya Sangeetha
Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions, Bangalore
74/2, Jaraka Bhande Kaval, Post Attur, Via Yelahanka, Bangalore-560064
Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan’s Nagarjuna Vidyaniketan School, 38/1, Ramagondana halli, Yelahanka Hobli, Bangalore-560064, India