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Aims and Targets of the GSPC

The specific aims of the GSPC can be grouped into five main themes; 

  • “Understanding and documenting plant diversity, through databases, monitoring of  populations and research.
  • “Conserving plant diversity, with both in-situ and ex-situ programmes, with special attention to conservation of species with direct importance to human societies.
  • “Using plant diversity sustainably,  involving trafficking controls and supporting the fair and equitable sharing of benefits
  • “Promoting education and awareness about plant diversity
  • “Building capacity for the conservation of plant diversity, through networking and enhancing infrastructure and human resources.”

(GSPC 2002)

The strategy outlines the different aspects of these aims in a series of 16 targets.  Each of these is explained with terms and technical rationale.

It is the achievement of these targets and themes which will lead to the ultimate goal – to halt the current and continuing loss of plant diversity.

Target 1:  A widely accessible working list of known plant species, as a step towards a complete world flora.

Target 2:  A preliminary assessment of the conservation status of all known plant species, at national, regional and international levels.

Target 3:  Development of models with protocols for plant conservation and sustainable use

Target 4:  At least 10% of each of the world’s ecological regions effectively conserved.

Target 5:  Protection of 50% of the most important areas for plant diversity assured.

Target 6:  At least 30% of production lands managed consistent with the conservation of plant diversity.

Target 7:  60% of the world’s threatened species conserved in situ.

Target 8:  60% of threatened plant species in accessible ex-situ collections, preferably in the country of origin and 10% of them included in recovery and restoration programmes.

Target 9:  70% of the genetic diversity of crops and other major socio-economically valuable plant species conserved and associated indigenous and local knowledge maintained.

Target 10:   Management plans in place of at least 100 major alien species that threaten plants, plant communities and associated habitats and ecosystems.

Target 11:  No species of wild flora endangered by international trade.

Target 12:  30% of plant-based products derived from sources that are sustainably managed.

Target 13:  The decline of plant resources, and associated indigenous and local knowledge, innovations and practices that support sustainable livelihoods, local food security and health care, halted.

Target 14:  The importance of plant diversity and the need for its conservation incorporated into communication, educational and public-awareness programmes.

Target 15:  The number of trained people working with appropriate facilities in plant conservation increased, according to national needs, to achieve the targets of this strategy.

Target 16:  Networks for plants conservation activities established or strengthened at national, regional and international levels.

For more information on all these targets, visit the Plants 2010 website

The GSPC - A Plan to Save the World's Plant Species

Working through a unique partnership of international and national organisations, Parties, other Governments and NGOs, the 'Convention on Biological Diversity' has developed a "Global Strategy for Plant Conservation". Botanic gardens are getting involved and BGCI is a key player in the partnership.


Target 14: Communicating the Importance of Plant Diversity
This PDF leaflet is for raising awareness about Target 14 of the GSPC. A crucial element of conservation is educating the public and communicating the importance of plants. The leaflet is free to download and print yourself, or you can contact BGCI to discuss distribution of large batches.
The Global Partnership for Plant Conservation brings together international, regional and national organisations in order to contribute to the implementation of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC). This site is full of resources for anyone wanting to help meet the targets.