Conservation and reintroduction of Bretschneidera sinensis Hemsl, a critically endangered native species
Bretschneideraceae is one of the specific single species families in China and Bretschneidera sinensis Hemsl. is regarded as the EN plant in Chinese red data book. It is significant to study the phylogeny, ancient geography and ancient climate of B. sinensis as relict plant of tertiary. B. sinensis is also a beautiful garden plant because of its plant shape and brilliant flower. The species is distributed mainly in provinces of South China and endangered now because of environment destruction, low seed production and difficult regeneration. And it is recognized as the state first-class protection tree species in 1999.
The main objectives of this project are to study the endangered mechanisms and conservation strategy of Bretschneidera sinensis Hemsl., including genetic diversity, pollination biology, in situ and ex situ conservation, reintroduction; to carry out the in situ conservation, ex situ conservation (building seed bank and cultivation in Conghua base and South China Botanic Garden), and reintroduction to Nankunshan Provincial Nature Reserve, Guangdong; and to protect and develop the B. sinensis with local residents.
Partner: South China Botanical garden, CAS