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References - Botany


  1. A Field Guide to Eastern Forests: North America
    J.C. Kricher & G. Morrison. 1998. Houghton Mifflin Co, New York.
    • Looks deeply into the ecology of Eastern forests, including indicator species, species richness, forest community types, succession patterns, seasonal factors
    • Extensive information, identification plates, indicator species for each forest community; An excellent guide to the specific ecological interactions in forest habitats across Eastern Canada

  3. A Field Guide to California and Pacific Northwest Forests
    John C. Kricher. 1993/98. Houghton Mifflin Co, New York.
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood

  5. Earth Education: A New Beginning
    Steve Van Matre. 1990. The Institute for Earth Education, Cedar Cove, WV
    • Extensive- from VanMatre’s ‘Earth Education’ perspective- divides the world’s processes into energy and materials, cycles and interrelationships and change
    • Essays, ideas, information; an interesting resource for educators, some quizzes, suggestions for activities and an introduction to Earth Ed’s patented program- Earthkeepers
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood

  7. Restoring Nature’s Place: A Guide to Naturalizing Ontario’s Park’s and Greenspace.
    Jean-Marc Daigle and Donna Havinga. 1996. Ecological Outlook Consulting and Ontario Parks Association.
    • An excellent regional guide to restoration projects- from an ecosystem perspective. A must-have for Ontario or associated provinces (Quebec, Manitoba).
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood



  1. Botanica North America: The Illustrated Guide to Our Native Plants, Their Botany, Their History and the Way They Have Shaped our World.
    Marjorie Harris. 2003. HarperCollins, Toronto.
    • Presumes the importance of our native plant diversity, and celebrates the role these plants have played in the history of Canada’s peoples
    • Complete listings of herbaceous and woody plants, their physical attributes, natural history, common uses and ethnobotany.
    • An incredible bibliography- a resource in and of itself
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood

  3. The Green World: An Introduction to Plants and People
    R. M. Klein. 1979. Harper and Row, New York.
    • Largely assumes the value of diversity in relation to humans and plant co-evolution
    • Text-book style information on food, medicine, in religion, as narcotics, alcohol, economies and politics, and the role of plants in history
    • A good reference guide
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood

  5. The Dictionary of Useful Plants: The Use, History and Folklore of More Than 500 Plant Species
    Nelson Coon. 1974. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA
    • Informative- an overview of medicinal, poisonous, craft-related, food and dye plants
    • Includes an extensive dictionary of plants organized by family
    • An interesting primer of traditional uses of plants, good for a quick reference guide to folklore of plants; language and terminology is circa the mid 70’s
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood

Plant Identification Guides

  1. Native Trees of Canada
    R.C. Hosie. 1990. Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Markham, On
    • A Canada-wide identification guide to native trees
    • An extremely detailed guide, covering almost 140 species
    • Informative guides to leaves, twigs, bud pattern, bark, fruit and general appearance of the tree are augmented by black and white photographs
    • Includes extended notes on species as a family, and individual forms, habitat, size, leaves, twigs, fruit, bark, wood, importance and other points of interest.
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood

  3. Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide
    Lawrence Newcomb and Gordon Morrison. 1997. Little Brown and Co., Toronto
    • Guide to herbaceous flowering plants of north eastern Canada and the United States
    • Guide uses a unique key to identification of plants according to number of petals and plant form (as opposed to being arranged by colour)
    • Hand-drawn illustrations are detailed and provide easy comparison
    • Includes native and naturalized flowering plants
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood

  5. Peterson Field Guide to Eastern Trees
    George A. Petrides and Janet Wehr.1998. Houghton Mifflin Co., NY
    • Identification guide to tree species in Eastern North America
    • A good general reference for a large geographical area
    • Illustrated plates are generally useful- some detail is lost in translation
    • Specific accounts are detailed, useful and includes other pertinent information, ie: use by humans and fauna
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood

  7. Plants of Carolinian Canada
    Larry Lamb and Gail Rhynard (illustrated by Judie Shore). 1994. Federation of Ontario Naturalists, Don Mills, On.
    • A guide to a varied selection of herbaceous flowering plants, grasses, sedges and ferns found in Carolinian Canada
    • The information provided is informational and intimate, while line-drawings of the species are easy to use
    • The selection of species has a good diversity, but by no means represents the extent of plants found in Carolinian Canada- including the vast array of woody specie
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    • This small booklet is a lovely addition to a collection of identification guides- not as useful for the field
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood

  9. Rare and Endangered Species of Grey and Bruce Counties
    The Bruce-Grey Plant Committee (Owen Sound Field Naturalists). 2001. Stan Brown Printers Ltd., Owen Sound, On
    • An identification guide to a range of rare and endangered flora and fauna of the Bruce Peninsula
    • The guide includes a listing of fish reptiles, birds and mammals, but largely centres on flowering plants, orchids and ferns
    • Submissions for each species are highly detailed, listing identification notes, local distribution and habitat type.
    • Images range from line and silhouette drawings to photographs of herbarium specimens, some can be quite small. An additional guide with better images of the plant would help in the field.
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood

  11. Shrubs of Ontario
    James H. Soper and Margaret L. Heimburger. 1994. Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, On.
    • An extensive guide to native and introduced shrubs in Ontario
    • This guide includes detailed field notes, and distribution maps for over 200 species of native and introduced shrubs in Ontario
    • Each species is given an entire page of black and white line drawings- these are detailed and useful
    Recommended by Elizabeth Hood